Since its inception in forms of computing tool named abacus, computers have evolved a long way. From being a mere tool for calculation, science and technological advancements have led to the development of such things that can perform beyond human capability.
There was a time when the idea of computers was beyond imagination, whereas now it has become an integral part of modern lives. Understanding the evolution of computers and their progress in characteristic features will make you realize the complexity and innovation in computer technology.
As computers are the type of invention that has no single inventor, its evolution is quite complex and diverse. Many inventors contributed to the development of certain features that led to the cumulative formation of the most advanced machine so far.
What is machine learning development?
Being an application of artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning system can provide computers the ability to learn and further improve form prior experiences without being explicitly programmed.
Few instances of machine learning system depict the idea of understanding the application of machine understanding things better. The self-driving car, Cyber fraud detector, online entertainment engines such as Netflix, Amazon and Facebook are perfect examples of machine learning.
All the above-mentioned things can filter pieces of information and combine them to get self-generated results.
The following image summarizes the procedures of a machine learning system in times of its application.
Image Source: Simplilearn
Main focus of the machine learning system is the ability to conduct tasks through automated learning that empowers them to perform a particular task without human intervention. In this context, learning initiates with observation of data, in forms of direct experience or instructions.
Primary focus of machine learning is revolved around the development of computer programs that can access data and utilize it to learn on its own.
There are several machine learning algorithms present among which a handful of them are
- Supervised machine learning algorithms
- Unsupervised machine learning algorithms
- Semi-supervised machine learning algorithms
- Reinforcement machine learning algorithms.
Machine learning provides computers the ability to assess a huge amount of data. Association of machine learning with cognitive technologies and AI makes this system to process big amount of data conveniently.
Importance of machine learning development
Although the concept of machine learning is not new, applications of it became immense in practice in recent days.
Machine learning systems have been evolving rapidly and it resulted in increased application of it. Due to the immense importance of big data nowadays, machine learning has become an important part of modern life.
Since the inception of machine learning techniques, data extraction and assessment conducted by algorithms has been immensely changed conventional statistical methods.
Among the several beneficial features of machine learning, its practical application has a direct result in cost-saving and less time consumption. At an interactive level, machine learning allows people to carry out tasks more accurately and rapidly.
The advantage that machine learning is that it provides its users with numerous benefits. Many industries, especially those dealing with financial aspects, such as banks and other related organizations, utilize this strategy for two major reasons. One of them is the ability to distinguish critical information experiences, where the other helps to forestall extortion.
Also, its ability to interpret and provide solutions for situations that demand critical thinking similar to human capabilities makes it a substitute for human expertise.
A brief understanding of programming languages
To visualize the concept of programming language you need to have complete understanding of what programming is. Programming can be characterized as the process that creates instructions to tell a computer how to execute a particular task.
As the definition suggests, "programming is a language that has been developed to express programs".
As the name suggests, programming language is the term derived to express computational programs through successive steps. These languages are beyond the understanding of human beings and are expressed in a binary system.
These languages are unique to particular computer architecture- it refers that two different computers may use different machine codes. Programming languages such as C++, Java, BASIC and ASSEMBLY provide better interface between the user and the computer.
Termed as symbolic machine code, there is a specific assembly language that acts as a linkage between machine language and low-level language which are specific to computer architecture.
Thereafter, utility program termed as "Assembler" is used to interpret and convert assembly code into simple executable machine code.
Close to human language, programming languages are highly complex language. These languages are too hard for the computer to understand and thus are converted into low-level machine language.
Data is processed through a computational device that executes a task under the supervision of a computer program. In times of executing a program, desired output is obtained through raw data.
Although there are none or less association with programming language factors including algorithms, these have improved computer programming consistently.
Termed as machine code, all computers are comprised of an understandable programming language.
Characteristic features of Programming languages
Among several characteristic features of a programming language, fulfillment of the following criteria will increase the feasibility of any programming language.
- A programming language needs to be simple and easy to use. Users should be able to understand and use it in a convenient way.
- Portable programming language is more preferred one as compared to general ones.
- The more a programming language be well structured and well documented the more it will fit for application development.
- Syntax and semantics need to be consistent for an improved programming language.
- Abstraction is an inseparable part of programming language that provides the ability to interpret the complex structure and understand the various degree of its application.
- Highly efficient programming language is requisite for you to convert them into machine codes and further help in less memory consumption.
- A single environment termed â€œIntegrated Developing Environment (IDE) should be provided by programming languages.
- A programming language must consist of tools to develop, debug, maintain and test a program.
These instructions are like recipes that tell you exactly how a particular task should be performed. All the steps in a programming language are interlinked and successive to one another at the hierarchical level.
Julia- is it the future of programming language?
Back in 2009, since its inception, this language was capable of faster and more accurate numerical functions. However, it was 2012, until which this language was not commercially available. Soon after its introduction, Julia has become extensively popular and its applications increased substantially.
Among several programming languages available, Julia is comparatively new and is highly advanced. From the most advanced tools of programming languages such as Python and C++, in 2012, Julia has been developed to further improve their performance through incorporation of functional properties of both the programming languages.
The official website of Julia describes it as,
"A high level and high-performance dynamic programming language to conduct numerical computing. It provides a sophisticated complier, numerical accuracy, distributed parallel execution and an extensive mathematical function library. "
To conduct numerical and scientific computing processes, Julia is a high-level language of high efficiency. However, the language can be used to operate general programming as well as carry out web performances.
Among numerous characteristic features of this programming language, its complier uses parallel execution which makes it preferred one from other programming languages. Additionally, this language constitutes enormous library functions from the other computing languages such as C and Fortran without having a glue code.
Julia is an open-source language as it has an MIT license. This type of free programming language provides opportunities for the greater online communities to assemble and resolve common bugs that have been encountered.
The language is easy to understand and use, due to its syntax being familiar with the computing family.
Strong complier of this particular programming language makes it able to perform similar to those statistical designs such as Fortran and C. this language is compatible with most of the operating systems including Linux and Windows.
Characteristic features and Advantages of Julia
Julia has been so effective due to its ability to combine major advantages of several programming languages. First of all, Julia's high-level dynamism languages namely C++ and Fortran.
Also, high-level language dynamism of Ruby or Python, strong mathematical notations of Octave and MATLAB are provided by this programming language. Combination of major programming languages made Julia one of the most effective programming languages ever developed.
- Being a multiple dispatch language, Julia can perform tasks based on the variables provided for the function, dissimilar results are obtained.
- Julia is extremely fast, combining methods of interpreting languages. Complying codes on the fly, it can reach at an incredible velocity in no time. It transforms the code into bytecode in association with complied languages of C and Fortran- through compiling their code into machine codes.
- Packages are one of the most important characteristic features of Julia, similar to R. Consisting more than 1900 registered packages, it provides the probability to resort to C, Python and Fortran packages. This makes it able to run existing codes appropriately.
- Parallelism is the most important aspect of this programming language, where one can parallelize direct from the command line by summoning the expected scripts with a given number of cores. Besides, loops can be parallelized directly with the application of Julia.
Computers have been evolving through generations and are still transforming. Each generation has portrayed significant improvements from the previous one.
Each of the generations represents immense advancements in technology used to develop computers, make internal organizations of computing systems and further improve in programming languages.
Numerous programming languages are prevailing in the market. However, a handful of them is as effective as you want for it to be.